The first settlements dating to b c e 7000
The switch to agriculture created a much more reliable and abundant food source which allowed populations to soar.
Keep in mind that different societies domesticated plants and animals, and consequently agriculture, independently i.e. These farmers had to overcome obstacles such as dry land with technologies like large scale irrigation.
Jericho started as a popular camping ground for the hunter-gathers of the Natufian culture dating to 10000 BCE.
It wasn’t until the cold and drought caused by the last Ice Age, or Younger Dryas, came to an end around 9600 BCE that year-round habitation and permanent settlements began in the area.
Jericho is famous in biblical history as the first town attacked by the .
Most of the town of the period, including the whole circuit of the town walls, has been removed by erosion; enough survives to show only that there was a town of the period.
/ Cyprus - "[....] Cyprus, the third-largest island in the Mediterranean, is thought to have been first settled around 8,800 B. [....]" [Based on: article: (Cyprus Digs Reveal First Settlements May Be Older Than Thought) by Paul Tugwell - Last Updated: July 22, 2009 EDT] - Neptune-Pluto Conjunction - "There are five major planets with average cycles of motion relevant to the study of history. Development of Saraswati-Indus Civilization - 3000-2200 BC; 5.